For thousands of years, people have traveled from far and wide to visit one of the most remarkable natural wonders in the world, the Dead Sea. Also called the Sea of Salt, it is fed by natural springs and the waters of the Jordan River, which flow from the northern mountains through the Sea of Galilee before continuing down the Jordan River Valley and settling in the Dead Sea basin. With an average salt concentration of 31%, the Dead Sea is one of saltiest water bodies on Earth (10 times saltier than the ocean). When the water evaporates in the desert climate, unique salts and minerals are left behind. No animals can survive the sea’s high salinity – thus its name. King David himself took refuge near the Dead Sea, whose waters the prophets Ezekiel and Zechariah prophesized would one day support life. Perhaps they were alluding to the waters’ healing powers. The sea’s health benefits were known in ancient times – one of the world’s first health resorts was established by King Herod on the Dead Sea’s shores, and its unique salt and minerals have been used by since antiquity for balms, cosmetics and fertilizers.